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Industrial Failure Analysis Applied Metallurgy Corrosion – Mechanisms, Investigation and Prevention Fire Investigation Structural Analysis in Design and Failure Investigation Human Factors in Design and Accident Investigation

Training Course in Singapore|Fire Investigation

Professional Engineers Board (Singapore) had approved UTC as course organizer in professional training (PEB/APP/CO-00455).
UTC’s Experts and guest lecturers with extensive experience from industries conduct lectures to public to share their knowledge and industrial experience.

This course is approved and subsidized by governmental agency, qualified for 14 PDUs by PEB (Professional Engineer Board), and PIC (40% cash payout) funding support.

Fires of vehicles, structural buildings and industrial facilities resulted in huge loss in economy and even fatality (human life loss). Fire investigation is the analysis of fire-related incidents to determine the fire origin(s), fire cause(s) and mechanisms, thus proper measures can be taken to prevent the recurrence of the similar incident(s). Fire investigation can provide solid fundation for the insurance claims and litigation issues.

Learning Objectives

To enable participants to

  • Understand fire chemistry and behaviour
  • Know the possible ignition mechanism, burn patterns and fire spread
  • Understand damage mechanisms that could result in fires
  • Understand the process and the application of fire scene investigations
  • Describe the typical burning characteristics of fires
  • Understand the types of laboratory techniques available in the industry to evaluate physical evidence recovered from a fire scence

Course Overview

Fires are very serious threat to public safety, which often caused a significant cost to society and danger to human lives.

This course is designed for attendants to understand the fundamentals of fires, their causes. The course will provide a basic introduction to fire science and present investigative field and laboratory methods for determining the origin and causes of different types of fires. Case studies will provide some brief investigation on different fires.

This course is targeted on professionals of loss adjusters, insurance, engineers/technicians in transporation, building management, facility maintenance and safety management.

Course Content

1 Introduction to fire investigation
  • Impact of fire damages
  • General procedures of investigation
  • Effective investigation

  • 2 Fundamentals of fire science
  • Fire triangle
  • Heat release due to fire
  • Fire kinetics

  • 3 Fire properties of materials
  • Flammability limits
  • Flash point
  • Auto ignition

  • 4 Ignition mechanisms
  • Electrical sparks and arcs
  • Mechanical sparks
  • Resistive heating
  • Hot surfaces
  • Thermal radiation

  • 5 Fire dynamics/spread and pattern
  • Fire growth rate and flame propagation
  • Effect of fuel load and ventilation
  • Flashover
  • Temperature versus time
  • Fire patterns

  • 6 Damage mechanisms from fire
  • Thermal damage mechanism
  • Non-thermal damage mechanisms

  • 7 Fire scene processing and evaluation
  • Information gathering
  • Scene documentation
  • Preservation of evidence for offsite fire investigations
  • Identifying and retaining important physical evidence
  • Evaluating samples collected from the site

  • 8 Laboratory examination techniques
  • X-ray imaging
  • Visual and macroscopic examination
  • Cross sectional examination and Metallography
  • Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
  • Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX)
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD)
  • Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR)
  • Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS)

  • 9 Case studies
  • Brief investigation on different types of fire cases
  • Course Instructor

    Dr George YU is Registered Chartered Engineer (UK), Member of National Association of Fire Investigators (USA), API 510 Pressure Vessel Inspector (USA), Executive Committee Member of The Institute of Materials (East Asia) and Technical assessor/expert of Singapore Accreditation Council. Dr YU has more than 35 years of relevant industrial work and research experience. As lead author, he published a number of technical papers in referred international journals and conferences. As Principal Investigator, he successfully completed more than 1000 projects on metallurgy related consultations, fire investigation, failure analysis, accident investigation and facility assessment/inspection, including damages of roller coasters, major MRT disruptions, accidents of cranes, aerospace engine damages, automotive steering system failure, lift rope breakage, landing gear system failure, hovercraft accidents, failures in gas and steam turbines, notebook computer burning, failures in jack-up rigs, great Singapore blackout, extra-hydrogen release of Submarine batteries, failures of PCB, PCBA, LCD & IC, heat exchanger burst, submarine power cable damages, transformer fire, explosion of power distribution system and switchgear, failures in building and structures etc. As expert witness, Dr YU was engaged in a number of litigation/court cases, including State Committee of Inquiry (COI) on major MRT disruptions and fatal crane accident in National Arts Gallery. He correctly determined root cause(s) of massive MRT disruptions on 7 July 2015, and his views were published in Top News of Straits Times on 30 July 2015.

    Click here to download Dr YU's CV.

    Course Schedule

  • Duration: Two days (9:00 am – 5:30 pm)
  • Dates: To be announced.

  • To register your interest, please click here to provide your name, contact info and company.
  • UTC offers both regular public courses and in-house customized training.

    Following customized courses had been successfully conducted:

    "Failure Investigation and Analysis (FIA)" for Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF). The course was awarded 18 professional development units (PDU) by Professional Engineers Board, Singapore.

    "Vehicle Fire Investigation" for Land Transport Authority (LTA). The course was awarded 14 professional development units (PDU) by Professional Engineers Board, Singapore. Similar course "Vehicle fire investigation" had been conducted for Land Transport Authority (LTA).


    Please click REGISTER to download registration form.
    Or click here to provide your name, contact info and company.
    The registration will be closed 10 days before the course commencement. The registration is effective only after the payment is received, and confirmation email will be sent to you. Payment can be made by:

    Method 1-Cheque/bankdraft

    Make payable to “Universal Technology Centre LLP ”. Mail cheque to “Universal Technology Centre, 10 Anson Road, International Plaza #10-11, Singapore 079903.”

    Method 2 - Bank transfer

    Account No: 020-901961-6 Universal Technology Centre LLP

    Bank name: DBS Bank Ltd 12 Marina Boulevard, DBS Asia Central Marina Bay Financial Centre Tower 3 Singapore 018982

    Course Fee

    To be announced.

    Course material, refreshments, complimentary lunch arrangement and certificate will be provided.
    10% discount is applicable for company with ≥3 pax, T & C.

    Companies can enjoy 400% tax deductions and/or 40% cash payout of course fee under PIC

    Terms and conditions
    • Course is subject to a first-come-first-serve basis in light of overwhelming responses.
    • Companies may replace participants who have signed up for the course, given one week notice before course commencement
    • UTC reserves the right to change or cancel any course, in light of unforeseen circumstances. Full refund is applicable in case of cancelation.
    • All details are correct at time of dissemination.

    Course Venue

    Devan Nair Institute for Employment and Employability 80 Jurong East Street 21
    Singapore 609607
    (Nearby Jurong East MRT Station – access through J walk)


    1. If registered person(s) could not attend, can we replace with others?
    Companies may replace participants who have signed up for the course, given one week notice before course commencement.

    2. Can I get refund if the course is cancelled?
    UTC reserves the right to change or cancel any course, in light of unforeseen circumstances. Full refund is applicable in case of cancelation.

    3. Can I withdraw the registration?
    If you withdraw the registration two months before the course commencement, full refund is given.
    If your withdraw is made in 1-2 months before the course commencement, 50% refund will be applied.
    If the withdraw is made less than 1 month before the course commencement, no refund will be provided. Replacement is acceptable, given one week notice before course commencement.

    4. What are the terms and conditions for e2i subsidy?
    Eligibility for e2i subsidy: Professionals, managers and executives of Singaporean or PR with at least 75% attendance. Participants who do not fulfill the above criteria are not eligible for e2i funding, and are required to pay the course fee in full.

    5. What is PIC Grant?
    When the course fee paid by companies, they can enjoy 400% tax deductions/allowances and/or 60% cash payout for investment in innovation and productivity improvements under the Productivity and Innovation Credit (PIC) scheme.
    Find more at or email to

    6. When the registration is closed?
    The registration will be closed 10 days before the course commencement.

    7. Where can I contact the organiser with any questions?
    Please visit, or email to or call/SMS to (65)81380509.

    8. Please click here for questions and answers.