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Failure analysis services Forensic accident investigation Corrosion engineering Forensic fire investigation Expert witness in litigation Fatigue and fracture analysis Design & structural analysis Condition assessment

UTC Clients: Fire investigation & FA

Forensic investigation on vehicle fire and explosion

Forensic investigation and analysis on Taxi fire & explosion happened near Buona Vista MRT

Forensic Fire Investigation Services
Fire Expert Witness Services

Fire investigation is the analysis of fire-related incidents to determine the fire origin(s), fire cause(s) and mechanisms, thus proper measures can be taken to prevent the recurrence of the similar fire incident(s). Only effective forensic fire investigation by experience fire experts can provide solid foundation for the insurance claims and litigation issues when acting as expert witness in Court.

Fires and explosion of vehicles, structural buildings, products, materials and industrial facilities are very serious threats to public safety, which often caused a significant cost to society and danger to human lives and properties/ assets.

In Singapore, all fire and explosion incidents or accidents must be reported to Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF). After fire was extinguished, the incident / accident related individuals or companies and/or relevant insurance companies can seek assistance of the independent fire investigators such as UTC's fire experts to carry out forensic fire investigation to protect their interests.

Why Choose UTC's Fire Experts for Forensic Fire Investigation and Explosion Investigation Services

  • UTC is one of leading independent investigation company ( in terms of high quality of forensic fire investigation repotrs and high competence of high profile fire accidents), consists of experts with more than 35 years of accident & fire investigation experience and relevant qualifications.
  • UTC fire experts, as member of National Association of Fire Investigators (NAFI, USA), have successfully led and accomplished a number of fire and explosion investigation cases, including vehicle fire and explosion investigation, electrical device fire investigation, power system fire and explosion analysis, foensic investigation on building claddings/ facade (Aluminium Composite Panel) fire, ship fire (marine fire) investigation, tranformer fire investigation, switchgear fire analysis, train fire and explosion investigation, hand dryer fire investigation, crane fire examination, failure analysis and investigation on liquid dispenser fire, shopping mall fire and explosion investigation, etc.
  • UTC's failure analysis and accident & fire investigation services had been well recongnized by industries and government agencies including Republic of Singapore Air Force, DSTA, Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF), Ministry of Manpower (MOM), Hyundai (Korea), PUB, SBS Transit, China Taiping Insurance, Rajah & Tann, WongPartnership, Universal Terminal,Takenaka (Japan) and MSIG Insurance, etc.
  • UTC's forensic fire investigation services are cost-effective, validated by a number of awards on relevant projects from government tenders in GeBiz.
  • UTC's expert witness and reports on failure analysis and accident & fire investigation were proven and accepted by High Court, State Court, Criminal Court and Arbitration Court.

  • To contact our forensic fire investigation experts, please click EMAIL or Call (+65)81380509.


    Examples of UTC was Recently Awarded Forensic Fire Investigation and Explosion Investigation Projects:

  • Forensic Failure analysis investigation on Taxi fire and explosion near Buona Vista MRT, awarded by Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF).
  • Forensic Failure analysis investigation on fatal PMD fire related incident by Enterprise Singapore (ESG).
  • Forensic investigation on high profile building cladding (aluminium composite panel - ACP) fire at Toh Guan Road and as fire expert witness in High Court.
  • Forensic Failure analysis investigation on refrigerator fires by Enterprise Singapore (ESG).
  • Conducting "Vehicle Fire Investigation" course, awarded by Land Transport Authority (LTA), which was awarded 14 PDUs by Professional Engineers Board Singapore and CPD points by Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Continuing Professional Development Board.
  • Forensic investigation on various vehicle fires for MSIG Insurance.
  • Forensic failure analysis and accident investigation on liquid dispenser fire for Consumer Safety Department of SPRING /Enterprise Singapore.
  • Failure analysis investigation on damaged items at and/or recovered from fire incident sites (two year contract + one year option) by Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF).
  • Investigation on electric water storge heater explosion for Consumer Safety Department of SPRING /Enterprise Singapore.

  • Click HERE to download the brochure of accident and fire investigation services or Call (+65)81380509.

    Objectives of fire investigation

  • Determine root cause(s) of fire and explosion.
  • Find out mechanism(s) of fire and explosion.
  • Recommend solutions to prevent recurrence of fire and explosion.
  • Support litigation/court hearing on liabilities related to fire and explosion.
  • Typical fire investigation projects by UTC:

  • Taxi/ Cab fire and explosion investigation .
  • PMD fire investigation.
  • Refrigerator fire investigation.
  • Building facade/ Aluminium Composite Panel (ACP) fire investigation.
  • Assessment on electrical busbar explosion in shopping mall.
  • Forensic investigation and analysis on Hand dryer fire in school.
  • Examination on switchgear burning.
  • Marine fire /ship fire investigation
  • Investigation on fire and explosion of train power system.
  • Assessment on crane fire in construction.
  • Electrical power distribution system explosion/ fire investigation.
  • Analysis on computer burning.
  • Forensic investigation on transformer fire.
  • UTC fire investigation course content

    1 Introduction to fire investigation
  • Impact of fire and explosion damages
  • General procedures of fire investigation
  • Effective fire investigation

  • 2 Fundamentals of fire science
  • Fire triangle
  • Heat release due to fire
  • Fire kinetics

  • 3 Fire properties of materials
  • Flammability limits
  • Flash point
  • Auto ignition

  • 4 Fire ignition mechanisms
  • Electrical sparks and arcs
  • Mechanical sparks
  • Resistive heating
  • Hot surfaces
  • Thermal radiation

  • 5 Fire dynamics/spread and pattern
  • Fire growth rate and flame propagation
  • Effect of fuel load and ventilation on fire development
  • Flashover
  • Temperature versus time
  • Fire patterns

  • 6 Damage mechanisms from fire and explosion
  • Thermal damage mechanism
  • Non-thermal damage mechanisms

  • 7 Fire scene processing and evaluation
  • Information gathering
  • Scene documentation
  • Preservation of evidence for offsite fire investigations
  • Identifying and retaining important physical evidence
  • Evaluating samples collected from the fire site

  • 8 Laboratory examination and analysis techniques on fire debris
  • Visual and macroscopic examination
  • X-ray imaging on fire affected objects
  • Cross sectional examination and Metallography
  • Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
  • Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX)
  • Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry (FTIR)
  • Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS)

  • 9 Case studies of fire and explosion investigation
  • Brief investigation on different types of fire and explosion cases including mechanical fire, electrical fire, vehicle fire, building fire, etc.

  • For more information about fire investigation course, please click Fire Investigation Training Course or Call (+65)81380509


    Recent relevant publications

      Recently, UTC had published articles on failure analysis and accident investigation as follows:

    • "Improving quality and reliabity through effective failure analysis" was presented in Symposium on Materials Processing, Inspection and Testing held on August 24, 2017, Malaysia.

    • Click here to read more the presentation report.
    • "Forensic investigation on crane accidents" was published in International Journal on Forensic Engineering in 2017.

    • Click here to read the partial article.

    Other relevant publications on fire and explosion investigation:
  • Electrical fire investigation
  • Fire debris analysis for fire and explosion investigation
  • Fire investigation on switchgear fire
  • Fire resistance investigation of composite non-load bearing light steel framing walls
  • Investigation on critical ventilation velocity of two fire sources in road tunnel
  • Investigation on fire incident data for Australian road tunnels
  • Time-dependent probabilistic model for fire accident analysis
  • Reinforced concrete slabs post-fire performance investigation
  • Investigation on prestressed concrete box bridge after fire exposure
  • Investigation on collapse of 16-Story Plasco Building in Tehran due to Fire
  • Relevant fire test standards

    Building cladding/facade fire in accident investigation

    Investigation on building ACP facade fire accident happened at Toh Guan Road

    Investigation on hand dryer fire

    Investigation and analysis on hand dryer fire happened in school

    UTC expert areas in fire investigation & explosion investigation

  • Vehicle fire investigation and explosion investigation
  • Cladding /Aluminium Composite Panel fire investigation
  • Industrial fire investigation & explosion investigation
  • Residential fire investigation
  • Marine fire investigation & explosion investigation
  • Fuel fire analysis
  • Electrical device and facility fire investigation
  • Fire debris analysis
  • Mechanical fire investigation
  • Fire expert witness services
  • Other UTC expert areas, please refer to

  • Crane accident investigation and failure analysis

  • Corrosion engineering
  • Failure analysis service
  • Forensic accident investigation
  • Expert witness in litigation and insurance claims
  • Condition assessment
  • Design and structural analysis

  • Industrial technical training courses:
    1. Fire Investigation
    2. Industrial Failure Analysis - Investigation, causes, mechanisms and prevention
    3. Applied Metallurgy - Compositions, microstructure, process and properties of metals and alloys
    4. Corrosion - mechanisms, investigation and prevention
    5. Structual analysis in design and failure investigation
    6. Human factors in design and accident investigation
    Our key experts had provided failure analyis, accident investigation, fire investigation and expert witness services to regional countries and beyond, including Singapore, Malaysia, China, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, India, Japan, Korea, The Netherland, Italy, etc.
    Transformer fire investigation

    Investigation and analysis on transformer fire and burning

    Contact UTC forensic fire investigation experts, please click EMAIL or Call (+65)81380509 for more details.